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Individualized Education Program (IEP)

The Individualized Education Program (IEP) serves as a legal/binding contract between the parent and the school district. As such, district staff is obligated to provide the services, accommodations and/or modifications described within the contract. The IEP must be reviewed/renewed each year or more often if appropriate. The following gives a brief description of the IEP procedures and content requirements. In developing the student's IEP, the Team must consider:

  • The strengths of the child and the concerns of the parents
  • The results of the initial or most recent evaluation
  • How the disability affects involvement and progress in the general curriculum (for children birth-5, how the disability affects their participation in appropriate activities)
  • Whether the child requires assistive technology devices and services

The IEP must include/address:

Measurable Annual Goals and Objectives/Benchmarks related to:

  • Meeting the child's needs in the general curriculum
  • Meeting the child's other educational needs that result from the child's disability

Reporting to Parents: Parents of children with disabilities must be informed of their child's progress as often as parents of non-disabled children. The IEP must include:

  • A statement of how the child's progress toward the annual goals will be measured
  • A statement of how often the parents will be informed of this progress

Administration of State and District Assessments: A statement is included in the IEP describing individual adaptations needed for the child to participate in state and district-wide assessments of student achievement. If the IEP Team determines that a child will not participate in a particular assessment, the IEP Team must state why the assessment is not appropriate and how the child will be assessed.

Re-evaluation: Every three years, the IEP Team (of which the parent is a member) must determine if the student remains eligible for special education services or if additional assessment data is needed to make that determination. If the Team decides to conduct standardized assessments, they must write a statement that explains what new information the standardized assessment is anticipated to yield. If formal assessments and/or detailed parental interviews are not required, the parents must be informed of this decision and given an explanation of the reasons that additional standardized assessments are neither needed nor required. In addition:

  • The school must notify the parents of their right to request or refuse an evaluation
  • If parents request an evaluation, the IEP Team is required to conduct such an assessment

Parental consent must be obtained before conducting any formal re-evaluation of a child with a disability, unless the school can demonstrate that it had taken reasonable measures to obtain the parent's consent and they failed to respond.